Last edited by Tugal
Saturday, November 21, 2020 | History

3 edition of Bibliography of variolation found in the catalog.

Bibliography of variolation

Arnold Carl Klebs

Bibliography of variolation

  • 388 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by s.n. in [s.l .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Smallpox -- Vaccination -- Bibliography.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementcompiled by Arnold C. Klebs.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination27p. ;
    Number of Pages27
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL21338335M


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Bibliography of variolation by Arnold Carl Klebs Download PDF EPUB FB2

"Not published. Printed for Dr. Klebs to go with the reprints of his The historic evolution of variolation. In The Johns Hopkins Bulletin. (reprint: )": typed slip mounted at head of page 1 LWL Ka: Gift of the author [to Wilmarth Sheldon Lewis] Feb.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

In this wide-ranging and detailed monograph, Dr Alicia Grant brings new evidence to bear and traces the changing techniques of variolation in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries as they were diffused Bibliography of variolation book Eurasia and North America.

Her book is the only thorough modern study known to : $   Annotated Bibliography. Primary Source(s): [1] Flight _shtml>. About million people died of smallpox. People would struggle to find ways to cope up with smallpox.

Variolation was first discovered where pus from pocks of infected person was inoculated into healthy people. This book is the first complete history of a major human. The first extant and available written record which actually described variolation was in a medical book by Zhang Lu (–?), a famous doctor.

He noticed that variolation, a technique “bestowed by a Taoist immortal,” was first practiced in Jiangxi (right bank of the lower Yangzi River), and spread all over the country during his Cited by: 8. These are the sources and citations used to research Smallpox Variolation in Ancient Chinese Medicine.

This bibliography was generated on Cite This For Me on Monday, November 9, Website. China profile - Timeline - BBC News Book. Dingming, W. A panoramic view of Chinese culture - Simon & Schuster - New York. The history of vaccination is an important Bibliography of variolation book of the history of mankind.

Along with the development of hygiene, vaccinations have no doubt constituted the most outstanding advance in medicine. And yet, this subject that revolutionized both human and animal medicine has given rise to little, or at best incomplete, investigation.

This oversight has now been remedied: the present volume is a. S.R. Eagle, S.C. Gad, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), History of Vaccination. The first efforts to vaccinate were, in fact variolation (from Latin variola, smallpox), which is the use of tissues or fluids containing a virus that has lost its virulence, to induce the immune response and therefore to create immunity without causing the disease.

Variolation was the method of inoculation first used to immunize individuals against smallpox (Variola) with material taken from a patient or a recently variolated individual, in the hope that a mild, but protective, infection would procedure was most commonly carried out by inserting/rubbing powdered smallpox scabs or fluid from pustules into superficial scratches made in the skin.

Variolation, obsolete method of immunizing patients against smallpox by infecting them with substance from the pustules of patients with a mild form of the disease (variola minor). The disease then usually occurs in a less-dangerous form than when contracted naturally. The method was popularized in England in –22 by Lady Mary Wortley Montagu; it has long been known by the Turks, Chinese.

PDF | On Jun 7,Ross M. Andrews published Vaccines: A Biography | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate. System Upgrade on Fri, Jun 26th, at 5pm (ET) During this period, our website will be offline for less than an hour but the E-commerce and registration of new users may not be available for up to 4 hours.

Gradually vaccination replaced variolation, which in England was prohibited in Jenner’s discovery was replicated in other European countries and his book translated in many languages. Edward Jenner finally obtained the credit that he deserved. He then retired from public life and went back to practice country medicine.

28 J.S. Smith, Patenting the Sun: Polio and the Salk Vaccine (New York: Anchor Books, ) Crossref, Medline, Google Scholar; J.P.

Baker, “Immunization and the American Way: Four Childhood. The practice of variolation in the Republic of Mali is reported for the first time. Variolation was studied among the Songhai of eastern Mali during a smallpox epidemic in ; it was performed with vesicular fluid for the sole purpose of preventing the disease.

Citation information. Use the information below to generate a citation. We recommend using a citation tool such as this one. Authors: Nina Parker, Mark Schneegurt, Anh-Hue Thi Tu, Philip Lister, Brian M. Forster Publisher/website: OpenStax Book title: Microbiology Publication date: Nov 1, The National Library of Medicine (NLM), on the NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland, is the world's largest biomedical library and the developer of electronic information services that delivers data to millions of scientists, health professionals and members of the public around the globe, every day.

Stories of diseases and remedies in the antique books of the Inthe first form of immunisation through inoculation, called "engrafting", as well as variolation, was imported from Turkey thanks to Mary Mortagu, residing in Constantinople.

(digital copy), in which the anonymous author, identified as Germano Azzoguidi, dissuades the. Find all the books, read about the author, and more. See search results for this author. Are you an author. Learn about Author Central.

Carl Zimmer (Author) out of 5 stars ratings. See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. Price New from Used from eTextbook "Please retry" $ — — Paperback, Illustrated "Please Reviews: Gareth Williams Palgrave Macmillan,PB, pp, £, Angel of Death provides a very comprehensive history of smallpox and vaccine development, which has parallels with the current COVID pandemic.

The book outlines how smallpox, present for several millennia, was nicknamed the ‘Angel of Death’ due to a case fatality rate of up to 50%. Edward Jenner, (bornBerkeley, Gloucestershire, England—died JanuBerkeley), English surgeon and discoverer of vaccination for smallpox. Jenner was born at a time when the patterns of British medical practice and education were undergoing gradual change.

Slowly the division between the Oxford- or Cambridge-trained physicians and the apothecaries or surgeons—who. Author: Erin Blakemore. Corbis/Getty Images He became an evangelist for inoculation—also known as variolation—and spread the word throughout Massachusetts and.

Not surprisingly, the author cites nothing at all here, probably because he didn't do any actual research and just decided to make something up. Variolation was practiced in many parts of Africa that had no direct contact with Arabs or even with any Muslim Africans.

You mentioned the wikipedia article on variolation in your opening post. However, the person acknowledged with promoting variolation in England is Mary Wortley Montagu (), otherwise known as Lady Montagu. She was the daughter of the Duke of Kingston and the wife of Edward Wortley Montagu, British Ambassador to the Court of the Ottoman Empire in Constantinople and representative of the Levant Company.

“In Paley's famous illustration, the adaptation of all the parts of the watch to the function, or purpose, of showing the time, is held to be evidence that the watch was specially contrived to that end; on the ground, that the only cause we know of, competent to produce such an effect as a watch which shall keep time, is a contriving intelligence adapting the means directly to that end.

Variolation or inoculation was the method first used to immunize an individual against smallpox (Variola) with material taken from a patient or a recently variolated individual in the hope that a mild, but protective infection would procedure was most commonly carried out by inserting/rubbing powdered smallpox scabs or fluid from pustules into superficial scratches made in the skin.

References. An American physician, John Kirkpatrick, upon his visit to London intold of an instance where variolation stopped an epidemic in Charleston, South Carolina, in[93] where people were inoculated and only eight deaths occurred.

[83] His account of the success of variolation in Charleston helped to play a role in the revival of its practice in London.

Inoculation is a set of methods of artificially inducing immunity against various infectious practice originated in the East before being imported to the Western terms inoculation, vaccination, and immunization are often used synonymously, but there are.

Different forms of variolation had been used for centuries in China and the practice also became widespread throughout the Ottoman Empire and the Arab world. Philosophical Transactions published several articles on variolation around the time of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu's campaign.

A paper in Latin by Emanuele Timoni FRS was read to the Royal. Variolation was the precursor to modern vaccines, and dates back to the s (Tortora et al.,p.

Sometimes each chapter of a book will be written by a different author. The job of an editor is to bring together all of these chapters into one book. Variolation did confer immunity, when it worked, but it was a risky technique, with a mortality rate of 2 percent; people could develop full blown smallpox, or.

The process Onesimus underwent back in Africa is now known as variolation, which was the deliberate infection with the disease in order to create immunity from it, and he explained to Mather that you could tell from the scar on someone's arm that they had been people who are selling or purchasing slaves knew to look for the scar because that person was more likely to survive a.

Author information While M. Thompson emphasises the rapid adoption of the Western method, she notices that variolation, an older preventive measure, practised in particular by Chinese physicians, only appeared in Vietnamese medical texts after the introduction of the vaccine.

As is mentioned several times in the book, traditional. The book could have reflected more on this mental balancing act, but the bulk of the text is a well written lay summary of the history of various vaccines, along with descriptions of the features of vaccines (descriptions that are available in several standard texts).

Some of the accounts, if not related to the United States, are rather limited. The concept of variolation or inoculation moved from India to the England in the early eighteenth century or by the British Lady Mary Wortley Montagu, who was living in Ottoman Empire (–) and communicated to her friend in Britain (Miss Sarah Chiswell, who died of smallpox 9 years later) about this technique by letters [2, 5].

Suggested Citation: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. Hamborsky J, Kroger A, Wolfe S, eds.

13th ed. Washington D.C. Public Health Foundation, On the cover BCE Hippocrates describes diphtheria, epidemic jaundice, and other conditions s Variolation for smallpox.

variolation definition: Noun (plural variolations) 1. (historical) The inoculation of a person with smallpox so as to induce a mild form of the illness and subsequent immunity to Compare variola, -ation.

The earliest written discussion of variolation in China is found in a book first published in 12 Joseph Needham, who investigated the origins of inoculation in China, believed that, because the author commented on the possibility that variolation induced menstruation, the practice must have already been well known, if little written about.

An enslaved person named Onesimus helped introduce an early form of inoculation called “variolation.” This technique was practiced on both white and Black Bostonians, to the consternation of many.

On its heels, a five-year diphtheria outbreak ravaged New England, killing 5, people, including Jane. History repeats. Variolation and Vaccination Many attempts to halt the impact of the smallpox virus have been documented in different countries over several centuries [ 11–14 ].

The practice of introducing the content of a pustule from an infected person to a healthy person to protect against subsequent smallpox exposures was known as variolation [ 11, 12 ]. Jenner's other medical and scientific work. From childhood Jenner had shown an interest in natural history and had collected fossils and nests.

Later his fossil specimen of a plesiosaurus was the first to be identified in Britain, and he was made an honorary member of the Geological Society in About –14 Jenner was also a member of the Barrow Hill Club, a group of friends interested.Dorothea Lasky is the author of ROME, as well as Thunderbird, Black Life, and AWE, all out from Wave is also the author of several chapbooks, including Poetry is Not a Project (Ugly Duckling Press, ), The Blue Teratorn (YesYes Books, ), and Matter: A Picturebook (Argos Books, ).

Her poems have appeared in The Paris Review, The New Yorker, American Poetry Review. "This is a truly wonderful book, utterly encyclopedic, deeply scholarly, and fascinating in the many stories it tells, and explaining the perplexing yet authentic development and resilient stream of Chinese Medicine — from its most ancient times, to the present day — an abundance of detail and historic quotations from classical works, and.